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.FYI Page - Edition #39 ..................................................................................................... March 2021.

*** Welcome ***

to the Ba Gua Zhang (Pa Kua Chang) Website of Sifu Park Bok-Nam!

We hope that you will find this site to be interesting and informative,

and will use it as a starting point for learning more about the Ba Gua Zhang of Lu Shui-Tian.

We have been fortunate to receive a number of awards for this website and wish to
extend our thanks and appreciation to the grantors of these awards.
You can view them by clicking on

Featured in this edition of the FYI Page:
깊은 무술 공부: 전통적 방법.
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FYI Page - Edition #39 ....................................................................................................... March 2021
  • Links to all Back Issues of the FYI Page are available on the Reference Information  page.  They contain articles on many important topics that are of particular interest to serious Qi Gong (Chi Kung) and Ba Gua Zhang (Pa Kua Chang) practitioners.  So, don't forget to check them out.
  •   Master Park's New Qiang Shan Ba Gua Zhang Association resources:
 Qiang Shan
                        Ba Gua Zhang Association Website Banner
New resources for those interested in learning more about the Traditional Ba Gua Zhang of Lu Shui-Tian
as taught by Master Park Bok-Nam.
-  Qiang Shan Ba Gua Zhang Association
-  Qiang Shan Ba Gua Zhang Association
Facebook Page

-  Qiang Shan Ba Gua Zhang Association
Youtube Video Channel

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FYI Page - Edition #39 .................................................................................................. March 2021

Francis Hriadil
Why are you studying the martial arts?  What is your purpose?  To learn forms?  To learn fighting?  To improve your health?  I will not be addressing “sport martial arts” or “performance martial arts” here.  The goals of those activities are fame and / or fortune, which are ego-based pursuits, and contrary to the philosophy, purpose, and principles of traditional martial arts practice, such as Qiang Shan Baguazhang. 
Traditional martial arts does have forms.  And, traditional martial arts does have fighting.  But, martial arts studied properly, the traditional way, offers so much more than that.
You can learn forms anywhere.  A form is a choreography, a formalized sequence of movements.  There are literally thousands and thousands of forms. There may even be hundreds of forms, in each martial art style.  Anyone can create a form.  How many forms is enough for one to know?  Martial arts, at least tradition martial arts, is not simply about learning form, after form, after form.

Shifu Bok-Nam Park teaches the Traditional Baguazhang Method known as Qiang Shan Baguazhang  -  the full traditional methodology that was passed down to him, as the formal inheritor of his teacher, Shifu Lu Shui-Tian. 

Lu Shui-Tian and Park Bok-Nam

Anyone can copy every form that Lu Shui-Tian taught, and that Shifu Park teaches.  There are people out there teaching these forms.  But, when you copy or learn forms this way, you obtain only the basic outline or framework of those forms.  That is all you get, and that is all you have.  You must understand that there is very little true value in just knowing a form.

Shifu Park says, “When you are always chasing ‘the new, the new, the new’, the old forms you know, you just simply ‘forget, forget, forget’.”  This is nothing but a waste of your time and your money.  You know many forms; but, know nothing well or deeply.  You are just a collector of forms.  Is this all that you want?  Is this what you are spending your precious time and money on?  Just a collection of forms?

Shifu Park has remarked that knowing a few forms that you “understand deeply” is more valuable than knowing many forms that you simply “just know”.  Shifu Park has been teaching traditional Bagua for most of his adult life.  He began teaching Bagua in Korea in 1971, and has spread the Bagua of Lu Shui-tian throughout the world.  And, he has noted that, throughout his life and his teaching, the many people he has encountered don’t seem to think very much about this.

In whatever martial art you practice, or that you are considering, how would you answer the following questions:
  • Do you understand, or want to understand, the role that forms practice plays in the traditional martial arts? 
  • Do you know the two ways that any form is used?
  • When you do a form, do you just think “right, left, up, down, …” or “1, 2, 3, 4, …”, or do you envision what the form represents?
  • Is your form a “live” form or a “dead” form?  Do you know what the difference is?
  • Do you know that there is more than one kind of internal power?  Do you know how to properly generate and use each kind of power?
  • Do you think that traditional forms practice has little or no value in fighting?  If so, what is your basis for this view?  Do you know how forms should be used?
  • Do you understand natural principles and how they apply in a practical way to your martial practice?  If your understanding of natural principles is only theoretical, how does this benefit your actual practice?
  • Do you understand natural rhythm and the fundamental role that it plays in proper exercise practice?
  • Do you understand the critical role that your mind plays in your practice?
  • Do you understand how to adjust your practice based on your body’s needs?
  • Does your teacher follow tried and true natural principles or his / her own thinking and ideas?
  • Do you follow tried and true natural principles in your own practice, or do you follow your own thinking and ideas?

You need to think seriously about this.  If you can’t answer these kinds of important questions, what kind of understanding do you really have about your practice, or any practice you are considering?  What value have you really obtained for your time, money, and effort?  You will not be able to answer these kinds of questions unless, and until, you acquire a deep understanding of your body and your practice. 

With a deep understanding of your body and your practice, which can only be acquired through proper exercise experience, you will possess the knowledge and wisdom necessary to adjust your practice to maximize the benefits and meet your body’s changing needs throughout your entire lifetime.  On the other hand, if questions such as these are not of interest to you, then proper traditional martial arts practice is not for you.  But, this is your choice to make.

I will not and cannot give you the answers to these questions here, except to point out that a traditional form, and traditional practice, was not created for show, or sport, or entertainment.  It was created for two important purposes.  First, to develop and improve the health of the body.  And, second, as a live encyclopedia of self-defense.  Proper traditional practice is not like many current, modern, popular western exercise practices where you perform a physical exercise and your mind is somewhere else.  You may be listening to music or audiobooks on your headphones, or watching videos on videoscreens; but, your mind is not particularly involved in your practice or your exercise.  In this regard, you are separating your mind and your body in your exercise, and fundamentally curtailing the benefits that you can achieve from that exercise.

It is beyond the scope of this brief article to even begin to answer the questions I am asking you to think about here.  That is a journey of discovery that you must make under the watchful guidance and teaching of a qualified, experienced instructor.  For those interested in pursuing this further, you can contact Shifu Park’s Bagua Association and certified instructors, which and who are provided at  http://www.pa-kua.com  and  https://ba-gua.org/

Do you want true and lasting value in your practice, for the time, money, and effort that you are spending?  Or, are you just satisfied with “knowing” many forms, and / or “knowing” many fighting techniques?   It depends on what you want.  This is a personal decision you will have to make.  In either case, I wish you well in your practice.

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깊은 무술 공부: 전통적 방법
Francis Hriadil
Translation by Grace Lie (이은희)

당신은 왜 무술을 공부합니까? 당신이 무술을 훈련하는 목적이 무엇입니까? 여러 형들을 배우는 것?
호신술을 배우는 것? 건강 증진? 이 글에서 나는 "스포츠로서의 무술"이나 "무술 퍼포먼스"를 다루지
않을 것입니다. 그러한 활동의 목표는 명예나 재산을 얻는 것인데, 그런 목표들은 자아 도취적인
추구이며 강산팔괘장(强山八卦章)과 같은 전통 무술 훈련의 철학, 목적, 원칙과는 상반되기 때문입니다.

전통 무술 훈련에는 형 () 배우는 것이 포함되어 있습니다. 호신술 연마도 포함되어 있습니다. 하지만,  올바르고 전통적인 방법으로 공부한 무술은 그보다 훨씬 더 많은 것을 제공합니다.

어디에서나 형을 배울 있습니다. 형은 동작들의 순서를 정해놓은 코레오그래피입니다. 그야말로
수천개의 형이 세상에 존재합니다
. 어떤 무술 스타일은 그 안에 수백개의 형을 가지고 있을 수도
. 형은 누구나 만들 있어요. 사람이 몇개의 형을 알고 있어야 충분합니까? 무술, 적어도
무술 훈련은 단순히 어떤 형을 배운 후에 또 다른 형을 배우고 그다음 또 새로운 형을 배우는
그런 것이

박복남 (朴福男) 사부님은 강산팔괘장이라고 알려진 전통 팔괘장을 오랫동안 가르쳐 오셨습니다.
강산팔괘장은 그가 스승인 노수전
(盧水田) 사부님의 정식 계승자로서 노수전 사부님으로부터
전승받은 온전히 전통적인 팔괘장 시스템입니다

Lu Shui-Tian and Park Bok-Nam

누구든지 노수전 사부님이 가르치셨던 그리고 박복남 사부님이 가르치시는 형들을 복사하듯이 따라할 수 있습니다. 그렇게 해서 학생들에게 가르치는들도 있습 니다. 그러나 다른 사람이 하는 형을
복사하는 식으로 배우거나 그런
방식으로 배운 이에게서 가르침을 받을 때, 당신은 그저 그 형의
기초적인 외형
(外形)이나 프레임만을 배우게 됩니다
. 그것이 당신이 얻는 전부이고, 당신이 소유하게
될 전부입니다
. 하지만 단지 형을 아는 것 그 자체에는 진정한 가치가 없다는 것을 반드시 이해해야

박복남 사부님은 "항상 '새것, 새것, 새것'을 쫓는다면, 예전에 알고 있었던 형들은 다 잊고, 잊고,
잊게 될 것
’”이라고 말씀하십니다. 그렇다면, 당신은 시간과
돈을 낭비할 뿐입니다. 여러개의 형을
알고 있을지 모르지만
, 그중에 하나라도 잘 알거나 깊이 이해하고 있는 형이 없을 겁니다. 당신은
형을 수집하고 있는 것 뿐이지요
. 그것이 당신이 원하는 전부인가요? 그것을 위해 그 소중한 시간과
소비하는 것인가요? 단순히, 형을 수집하기 위해서?

박복남 사부님은 몇 가지 형을 "깊이 이해하고" 있는 것이 많은 형을 "그냥 알고 있는" 것보다
있다고 말씀하십니다. 박복남 사부님은 대한민국에서 1971년에 노수전 사부님의 전통 팔괘장을
가르치기 시작해서 현재까지 팔괘장을 전 세계에 알려오시는 등
, 성인이 된 이후 인생 대부분을 전통
팔괘장 가르치는 데에  보 내셨습니다
. 이 오랜 시간 동안 만나고 알게된 수많은 사람들 대부분이 이
형을 깊이 이해하고 있는 것과 그냥 알고 있는 것 관하여 별로 생각해 본 적이 없는
것으로 보인다고 하십니다

현재 훈련하고 있거나 혹은 배우려고 생각하는 무술이 무엇인지 상관없이, 당신은 다음 질문들에
어떤 대답을 하겠습니까

-   전통 무술에서 형을 왜 연습하는지, 그 역할을 이해하고 있거나 이해하고
-   어떤 형이든지, 형이 사용되는 두 가지 방법을 알고 있습니까?
-   형을 할 때, 당신은 속으로 그냥 오른쪽, 왼쪽, , 아래, ..." 를 생각하거나
      "하나, , , , …” 세면서 형을 합니까, 아니면 그 형이 의미하는 바를
     머리 속에 그리면서 형을 합니까